The Republic of Haiti (Ayiti) is a beautiful Caribbean country with a fascinating culture containing elements from French, African, and native Taino cultures. The overall population in Haiti is roughly 10.4 million people with the population being divided between 95% black and 5% mulatto.
Haiti is a mountainous nation making up the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola while the Dominican Republic makes up the eastern two-thirds of the island. Haiti is world-famous for its incredible colorful art and lively music (konpa). The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
Haiti remains among the least developed nations in the world, ranked 168th out of 187 countries in the United Nations Human Development Index (2014). According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, about 80% of the population is estimated to be living below the poverty line with more than 60% living in extreme poverty, unable to access sufficient food to eat. Due to these very difficult economic issues in Haiti, there is a high rate of infant mortality and a lack of access to healthcare and education.